What is an Hmo

Welcome to Hmo basics

Hearing the term houses in multiple occupation (HMOs), also known as houses of multiple occupancy, you may be wondering what properties fall under this category. Well, we’re here to answer that question.

HMO is a term which refers to residential properties with common areas that are shared by more than one household. Common areas may include bathrooms and kitchens, in other cases it may be just stairwells or landings. To be clear, HMO is a property that is shared by three or more tenants who aren’t family members. It is important to keep in mind that every HMO landlord must obtain a licence in order to ensure that the property is managed properly and meets certain safety standards.

An HMO licence is granted by the council after performing the following inspections, which ensure:

  • Landlord’s suitability to hold a licence
  • Property compliance with the required standards
  • Proper property management
  • To make it easier, here’s what makes your property an HMO:
  • at least 3 tenants forming more than 1 household;
  • common areas to share with other tenants;

a sufficient number of rooms to accommodate all the households.

As a reminder, the term household refers to a single person or family members who live together. A family includes people who are:

  • married or living together
  • relatives or half-relatives
  • step-parents and step-children

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